4. Fruits are bright red and approximately 10 mm … Chinese Dogwood. Pacific dogwood is a deciduous tree growing up to 20 meters tall (66 feet) with a smooth dark bark. almost parallel but converge at the tip). informational sites contact us. Of these, only two species - one tree and It is resistant to anthracnose, powdery mildew, and other diseases, as well as having some drought resistance. A tried and true favorite that is becoming a popular street tree in Seattle is the hybridized Pacific Northwest native, Eddie’s White Wonder Dogwood. Westen Mountains and Pacific Northwest Trees and Shrubs Acer circinatum is a small understory tree better known as Vine Maple . reach the margin, and for large, showy flower "petals". Home Forums > Pacific Northwest of North America > Outdoor Gardening in the Pacific Northwest > Plant Dogwood tree now or in Spring? Many but not all cultivars of Kousa dogwood ( C. kousa ) are very resistant ( C. kousa var. ), aspen (Populus tremuloides), paper birch (Betula papyrifera), gooseberries (Ribes spp. In the Pacific Northwest, some of the plants that closely associate with red-twig dogwood include western redcedar (Thuja plicata), Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), vine maple (Acer circinatum), alder (Alnus spp. Fruits & A. pink, to red. Upright, deciduous tree. Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii), also known as western or mountain dogwood, is native to Northern California and the Pacific Northwest, and grows in USDA zones 7 through 8. are actually white or pink colored leaves that surround clusters of tiny, The variety found west of the Cascades, C. s. occidentalis, tends to be more hairy. Trees will flower in the spring and often again in the fall. Flowering crabapple (Malus): An easy-care tree that's covered in bundles of purple … by hybridizing the west coast native Cornus nuttallii and the east coast native Cornus florida to create an exceptionally disease-resistant tree. For Gray. Evergreen Press, Vancouver, BC. Maple leaves are a wonderful source of natural shade in the Pacific Northwest. Scarification and a warm stratification at 60ºF (15ºC) for 60 days followed by a cold stratification at 40ºF (4ºC) for 3-4 months may hasten germination. The best defense is a healthy tree. Flowers occur in tight clusters 1.5-2 cm (0.6-0.8 inches) wide and are subtended by 4-8 conspicuous white bracts 2-7 cm (0.8-2.8 inches) long. The dogwood is a species of tree that’s one of our favorites at Mr. Tree. loop between leaf clusters; fruits are orange to red. Flowering dogwoods range in color from white to pink or red and generally bloom for about two to four weeks in early spring. Cornus nuttallii - Pacific Dogwoods have huge white flowers on tall, impressive trees. Of the 45 species of dogwood that exist in the world, 13 are native to North America. Distribution: Pacific Dogwood is found from southwest British Columbia, western Washington and Oregon and on the west slopes of the Californian mountain ranges. Drought tolerant. The early flowering Pacific dogwood is a round-headed tree that grows up to 50 feet high and 20 feet wide. Pacific dogwood is cold hardy to Zone 6; kousa dogwood to Zone 5. in Oregon". here). In our region, besides the Pacific Dogwood, we have a shrub, Red-Twig Dogwood, Cornus sericea, and a groundcover, Bunchberry, Cornus canadensis. Upright, deciduous tree. Distribution: Red-Twig Dogwood is found throughout most of northern and western North America, extending into Mexico in the west; but barely into Kentucky and Virginia in the east. Phenology: Bloom Period:  April-June, flowering may occur again in late summer. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. a book "Trees to Know" more Deciduous Tree A fantastic tree for Pacific Northwest gardens. Growth: Pacific Dogwood usually grows to about 20-30 feet (7-10m), but can grow to be 90 feet (30m). The tiny, greenish, purple-tinged flowers are pressed into tight hemispheric clusters. Red fruits in the Fall. In late spring, showy bracts atop green foliage engulf the tree. Crown Publications, Victoria, BC. In the Landscape: This attractive tree is often one of the most sought after native for gardens, but unfortunately larger specimens do not transplant well, and it is sometimes difficult to grow in containers. introduced for ornamental purposes. In the Pacific Northwest, we have the native Cornus nuttallii (aka Pacific, Mountain or Western Flowering Dogwood) which was named after the British botanist Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859).Thomas Nuttall studied many of the native plants in N. America in the early 1800s. Small trees may sometimes be available in specialty nurseries but they are usually in short supply. authors order are bright red or orange cherry-like drupes (like small cherries). Grown just for you. by common name trees Clark's Native Trees & Shrubs Clark's Native Trees & Shrubs Clark's Native Trees & Shrubs ... shrubs, berries and grasses that help beautify our state. Like most dogwoods, they have opposite leaf arrangement. by scientific name dichotomous These clusters are surrounded by 4-6 white (sometimes pink-tinged) bracts, creating a showy inflorescence with the appearance of one large flower. Diagnostic Characters: The Pacific Dogwood leaves have the veining pattern typical of all dogwoods, where the nearly parallel secondary veins branch from the midvein and curve towards the tip as they near the leaf edge. Tall, flowering, Pacific Dogwood trees are most glorious when they are pressed up against the edge of a Douglas Fir forest. Borers are another insect that will feed on Dogwood trees. You can treat these by spraying them off with a powerful stream of water and applying Neem Oil to your tree. Several species are native to the Pacific Northwest. All Pacific Dogwoods should be planted in sunny locations with good air circulation to minimize disease problems. Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Notable varieties include Flaviramea, a yellow-twig form; Isanti, a compact form (to 5) with bright red stems; Kelseyi, a dw… This tree was created in the 1950s in Vancouver, B.C. Grow your own Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii), a lovely understory tree featuring trademark white blooms! chinensis has been quite susceptible in some studies). these ÒpetalsÓ A harbinger of spring in parts of the country that enjoy mild winters, flowering dogwood trees boast an abundance of pink, white or red flowers long before the first leaves appear in spring. simple, opposite, and deciduous with arcuate veins (arching veins that are It is often considered the western version of the flowering dogwood, but with this plant, the white flowers are quite large and the fall color is yellow, orange, or red. It often forms more than 1 stem as the tree develops. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. more information on the dogwoods native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page Small mammals and birds such as grosbeaks, cedar waxwings, and woodpeckers eat the fruit. It’s a relative of the flowering dogwood, and as you can imagine, it also blooms in great colors. Red Osier Dogwood. are noted for opposite leaves whose veins turn dramatically toward the apex Each flower cluster develops into a bumpy ball of hard, red fruits in the fall. Growth: Pacific Dogwood usually grows to about 20-30 feet (7-10m), but can grow to be 90 feet (30m). Description Northwest native plant enthusiasts enjoy the beautiful spring bloom of the Pacific Dogwood but not the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding. Pacific Dogwood is also very susceptible to a fungus disease called Dogwood Anthracnose. Morphology: This Northwest native deciduous tree can grow to a mature height and width of over 50 feet. Native to the Pacific Northwest. Many people are willing to accept this risk in order to enjoy the spectacular floral display this tree provides in the spring. Saucer-sized white floral bracts in June, with a hint of green. It is also possible to propagate by layering. Let’s look at how to grow dogwood trees. Flowering dogwood (C. florida) is moderately susceptible but is severely damaged under conditions ideal for disease development. Leaves are oval, pointed at the tip, 4-10 cm (1.6-3.9 inches) long, deep green in color, and have parallel veins. Typical parallel veining pattern of a dogwood leaf, turning red in fall. Use by wildlife: Deer and elk will browse the leaves. Like the other dogwood trees featured in this article, the kousa dogwood is known for its toughness. or see "Trees to Know There is also a disjunctive population in northern Idaho. densely packed flowers. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. tree, website Cornus kousa Milky Way Zone 5 Chinese Dogwood. Characteristics: The genus is made up of trees… trees It may live to be 150 years old. Origin: 45-50 species native to Asia, Europe and North America. Of these, only two species - one tree and one shrub - are native to the Pacific Northwest, although many others have been introduced for ornamental purposes. chinensis has been quite susceptible in some studies). Habitat: Pacific Dogwood prefers moist, well-drained sites and is most often found as an understory tree in fairly open, mixed forests. Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest. Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) (click on each photo to enlarge image) ... trees by common name trees by scientific name dichotomous key mystery tree. Names: Pacific Dogwood is also known as Western Flowering Dogwood. The Pacific dogwood makes a beautiful specimen tree but dogwood leaf blotch has restricted its use. Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) – sometimes called Western or mountain dogwood – has even larger bracts and is also incredibly showy in spring.The bad news: Only denizens of the Left Coast can enjoy this beautiful native tree. when branches are straight; fruits are white (will not be further described I find it comforting that our native dogwood’s genetic material lives on in trees like C. ‘Eddie’s White Wonder,’ a cross between the Pacific dogwood and C. Florida, the Eastern dogwood. Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) is very susceptible. The Cornus sericea, better known as the red osier dogwood, is a great Pacific Northwest tree for your garden. Avoid sprinkler irrigation. Red-Twig Dogwood is extremely variable; many cultivated varieties are available varying in stem color, size, and leaf variegation. they Common: Dogwood. Propagation:   Seeds should be collected in fall, removed from their fleshy fruit covering and planted immediately into outdoor seed flats. The wood has also been used to make thread spindles, golf club heads and piano keys. Germination may take 18 months or more. key mystery Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Pacific dogwood needs excellent drainage, deep, humus rich soil, not too much summer watering, minimum to no pruning and shade on its trunk to avoid sunscald. It is an impressive sight– Pileated Woodpeckers and Flickers in a Dogwood tree feasting on the berries! It may live to be 150 years old. If you want a pretty tree… Go for the Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii), a small native Western Washington tree that graces views with stunning white and yellow flowers in the spring. Pacific dogwood (C. nuttallii), flowering or Eastern dogwood (C. florida) dogwoods are more prone to several fungal diseases such as anthracnose, which can … Here in British Columbia, the Pacific Dogwood flower was adopted as the official provincial floral emblem in 1956. Habitat: Pacific Dogwood prefers moist, well-drained sites and is most often found as an understory tree in fairly open, mixed forests. ), black hawthorn (Crataegus douglasii), lupine (Lupinus spp. Another small tree that is sure to dazzle visitors year-round is the kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), a native of Japan. Pacific Dogwood                                                                    The Dogwood Family–Cornaceae, Cornus nuttallii Audubon ex Torr. by large showy bracts that look like flower petals; range from white, to FURTHER INFORMATION AND REFERENCES Clark, L.J., 1976. Masses of milky-white floral bracts cover the entire tree in June. Kousa Dogwood. only as a shrub; does not have large, showy petals surrounding each flower; ), willow (Salix spp. Pest: Dogwood trees can have a couple of pest issues from time to time. Aphids have been known to feed on the plant tissue of these trees. It was named after Thomas Nuttall, an English botanist and zoologist. The mountain dogwood (sometimes known as Pacific dogwood) is a medium-sized deciduous tree that has an excellent tolerance for shady locations and dry, drought conditions. Douglas, G. et al, 1999. In truth, This tree’s beauty continues into other seasons with red berries, pinkish fall foliage, and an attractive branching pattern. Numerous tiny, tightly-clustered flowers are surrounded Grows to 3m high and 1.5m wide in 10 years. Chinese dogwood. one shrub - are native to the Pacific Northwest, although many others have been Flowering dogwoods (Cornus florida) are deciduous trees native to the eastern half of the United States.These trees can add year-round beauty to the landscape. Flowering dogwood ( C. florida ) is moderately susceptible but is severely damaged under conditions ideal for disease development. Leaves are as a tree; has large, showy "petals" surrounding each flower; branches Keeping the tree stress free is the best prevention for this disease. Relationships: There are about 100 dogwood species worldwide found primarily in temperate regions. Petals are greenish white and often tinged purple. Three Dogwood trees and a couple of shrub species are found in the eastern or Midwestern United States. 13 are native to North America. Dogwoods Discussion in ' Outdoor Gardening in the Pacific Northwest ' started by monkeygirl , Oct 31, 2020 . Besides growing in the Pacific Northwest, Pacific dogwood can also be found in the mountains near San Diego and Los Angeles, and a small number also Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Volume 4 (Dicotyledons). Use by People: Natives used the hard, dried wood for harpoon shafts and other implements. Pacific dogwood: grows Distribution of Pacific Dogwood from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). Of the 45 species of dogwood that exist in the Fruit ripens-September to October. Western dogwood: grows Many but not all cultivars of Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) are very resistant (C. kousa var. It offers a pleasing seasonal progression, and will contribute to your landscape all year long. world, This disease causes large brown blotches on the leaves and will also cause twig dieback. Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) is very susceptible. Since they grow only 15 to 30 feet (4.6-9 m.) tall, there is room for a dogwood tree in almost any landscape. 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